Some of the factors that have hurt the baby’s brain development in the womb, as follows:
Studies from the University of Queensland, Australia show that a father aged 40 or older was associated with a higher risk of autism and the baby syndrome that causes abnormalities of the face and skull. It was also found that children born to older fathers produce a variety of bad intelligence test, which looks at a concentration, memory, reasoning and reading skills.
According to a study on autism, not only paternal age, maternal age was also associated with autism. The study found that; for every increase in maternal age 5 years, the risk of having a child with autism increased by 18 percent. For older fathers, the effect is only when the spouses are under the age of 30.
According to a study by University of North Carolina, Employment dad can increase the risk of babies with birth defects. Hypothesis group of high-risk professions due to exposure to chemicals associated with the job.
According to a study published in the journal Pediatrics, babies born at 37 weeks and 38 weeks had lower reading scores significantly, when compared with children born at the age content of 39, 40 or 41 weeks. Math grades were also lower for children born at 37 or 38 weeks. “The thing to remember is that a child who was born 36 weeks, 6 days had a brain size of two-thirds that of full-term babies,” said Dr. Bryan Williams, professor of family and preventive medicine at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. “They are still in a deficit related to brain development. ”
Lack of calcium, iron, iodine and vitamins can cause learning disabilities babies, delays in language development, behavior problems, delayed development of motor skills and low IQ. Baby needs iodine to make thyroid hormone, which is essential for brain development. Iron is needed to produce red blood cells that transports oxygen to the baby, will affect the baby’s brain and body growth.
Folic acid deficiency
This will cause neural tube babies are not able to close properly. Neural tube is a network for brain and spinal cord baby develops. The neural tube to close imperfect / right will cause severe malformation of the brain and spinal cord. Folic acid is found in green leafy vegetables, broccoli, beans, citrus fruits and liver. Read about the excellent food for a baby’s brain, here and on folic acid, here
Lack of vitamin D
It is associated with poor infant growth and asthma. According to Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, published in Pediatrics, children born to mothers with low vitamin D levels during pregnancy are twice as likely to have severe language problems when they were in school. Read about vitamin D here
Pregnant women are advised not to take any medicine, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy. Common drugs such as aspirin, for example, can cause bleeding in the infant’s brain, because the drug has the ability to stop blood clotting.
A study shows that a mother’s stress during pregnancy can increase the risk of congenital brain damage in infants. The stress referred to here is not due to the usual worries of everyday life, but heavier as emotional shock. Damage to the baby’s brain may be caused by an increase in the stress hormone cortisol which can disrupt fetal development.
The mental condition of the mother
The fetus is very sensitive, so it can be influenced by the mother’s mental condition. Research by the University of California, Irvine, showed that the growth and development of the best in the fetus is in the mother that is free of depression before, during and after childbirth.
Lack of sunlight
An Australian National University study found that children whose mothers are less exposed to the sun during the first 3 months of pregnancy may have a higher risk of developing multiple sclerosis later in life. Vitamin D in sunlight is important for fetal development of the central nervous system.
Nikot * n derived from cigarette smoke can cause constriction of blood vessels, reducing blood flow and nutrients to the placenta. According to research * n nikot exposure in pregnant women can increase the risk of mental problems in childhood, youth and adults because it will interfere with the development of fetal brain cells are essential for normal cognitive development.
Alcohol crosses the placenta and is bound to poison the baby. The effects of drinking in pregnant women this would be a tough accepted by the fetus, like a baby with a low IQ, poor cognitive skills, poor memory, attention deficits, impulsive behavior, poor causal reasoning, and impaired motor functions. And there are many risks that even tougher, such as retardation of brain development.
According to recent studies, pregnant women are exposed to pollution from exhaust fumes, factory increases the risk of autism two to three times more likely than those not exposed.
This is very bad thing to use pregnant women, especially for the brain development of children. The greatest risk such as having a baby with a low IQ, behavioral disorders and emotional problems, memory disorders, brain damage or defects etc.
According to the study exposure to organophosphate pesticides, commonly used on food crops, is associated with a child who has a lower intelligence scores at age 7 years. It is recommended that pregnant women thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables well, or consider organic products to avoid pesticide exposure from food.
Toxoplasma may only produce mild symptoms for pregnant women, but it can cause mental retardation, epilepsy, blindness or hearing loss and mental in infants. Toxoplasmosis can infect pregnant women through cat feces and eating meat or raw eggs.