Hypertension or medical term is HTN, this is known as a disorder of blood pressure, ie high blood pressure. Known hypertension is often not easily detected and only realized after complications occur.
A person can be categorized as having hypertension when blood pressure reaches about 140/90 mmHg (systolic and dystolic pressure) respectively. This disease can affect anyone regardless of age, both young and adults, especially in elderly people.
For the elderly, hypertension as if it is common because it is getting older, the organ function naturally also decreases. Even so, it does not mean hypertension disorders that can not be avoided.
There are tips that can be applied to minimize the potential for blood pressure disorders. Before reviewing further, you should first know the cause of this hypertension.
What Causes Hypertension?
The causes of hypertension are quite diverse, and sometimes unconscious, even neglected. However, in general the cause of hypertension is the presence of instability in artery walls. Here are some of the causes of hypertension:
1. Smoking habits from a young age
For those of you who have a habit of smoking, should be wary because hypertension so it will be easier to occur than non-smokers. Because the smoke is smoked shed potentially poison the blood. In fact, blood is a means of carrying oxygen throughout the body.
Nicotine substances that exist in cigarettes also play a major role to affect blood vessels, causing a shift. Blood containing nicotine can interfere with the heart’s performance when pumping blood, consequently the heart works harder.
2. Heredity or genetics
The history of hypertension in the family also became one of the causes. No wonder when children from families with a history of hypertension have relatively greater potential for hypertension. But these risk factors can be controlled so as not to arise.
3. Overweight or obesity
Take care of your diet. Because it is overweight or obesity so one of the causes of hypertension. This obesity condition can affect the renin angiotensin aldosterone system. This tissue serves as a blood volume controller in the body.
This system will be damaged if someone is obese. So the blood that comes out will be more uncontrolled. So the potential for hypertension to be very high.
4. Excessive salt consumption
Consuming excessive amounts of salt can easily settle in the blood vessels. So that the blood vessel wall thickened, and this is what makes the blood channel narrow and cause blood pressure increasingly high.
5. Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages
Alcohol consumed can have an effect on the increase in heart rate. If alcohol consumption continues to be up to 2-3 glasses at a time, then the impact will certainly more and more trigger heart rate is getting higher too. And this can encourage the occurrence of hypertension.
6. Age increases and lack of exercise
The increasing age, then the function of the organ will also naturally decrease. Therefore there needs to be support from the sport to assist organ function.
Elderly people over 60 years are the most hypertensive group. This happens because the increasing age, then the organs, especially blood vessels and heart often decreased function. Moreover, when coupled with the lifestyle of an unhealthy youth. Then the potential for hypertension is also higher.
7. High stress levels
There are many factors that trigger a person experiencing stress. Starting from the issues of life, work, and much more. When experiencing stress, the heart will pump blood faster, and one of the marks is the head of the back is often dizzy.