Indonesia has progressed enormously in ensuring children are attending primary school education – about 97 percent of children aged 7 to 12 years old across the country can attend school.
However, as many as 2.5 million Indonesian children in school should not be able to enjoy education: 600,000 children of primary school age and 1.9 million children of secondary school age (13-15 years).
Statistical data provincial and district levels indicate that there are certain groups of children are the worst affected. Nearly half of the children who come from poor families can not afford to continue their education to secondary school – children who come from the poorest households have the possibility of dropping out of school four times greater than those from affluent households. Nearly 3 percent of children of primary school age do not attend school in the village, compared with just over 1 per cent in urban areas.
Of those who learned in elementary school, nearly 1 in 5 children can not continue to secondary school, compared to 1 in 10 children in urban areas.
Nearly half of the children who come from poor families can not afford to continue their education to junior high school
Possible dropout is 20 times higher for children whose mothers have no education than those who had mothers with higher education. If this proved to be a phenomenon that occurs continuously, it will impact the long term growth of Indonesia, if the lack of education continues from one generation to the next.
Efforts to understand and respond to this discrepancy becomes the center of activity and UNICEF programs in education, which includes:
Strengthen data collection on the situation of children in school and out of school, through the information system sourced from the public.
Assessing the reasons why many young children do not participate in the development of early childhood, which limits their success in following and completing basic education and barriers to registration and completion of elementary education.
Improving skills principals, supervisors, and education authorities to manage and deliver top quality education that reach all the children.
Involving local communities and civil society in delivering quality educational services better for children who are marginalized, for example through the improvement of school-based management.